Diet Cancer risk factors

Published on February 7th, 2013 | by George Conte


Cancer prevention diet

According to “Cancer Research UK”, a new research shows that 40% of cancers are preventable. Researchers, report that more than 100,000 cases of cancer diagnosed in the UK each year can be directly related to specific factors like:  smoking, diet, alcohol and obesity. They have found that by gathering data from epidemiological surveys. The professor, epidemiologist and team member Max Parkin, says that it is clear that about 40% of all cancers are caused by things we mostly have the power to change.

Risk factors for men

The researchers found that from the 158,700 cases of cancer diagnosed in men the first 6 risk factors and the proportion of cancers attributable to them are as follows:

Smoking: 23%
Absence of fruits and vegetables: 6.1%
Work environment (eg exposure to asbestos): 4.9%.
Alcohol: 4.6%
Obesity: 4.1%
Excessive exposure to sun and solarium: 3.5%

Risk factors for women

Smoking: 15.6%
Obesity: 6.9%
Infections (eg HPV): 3,7%
Excessive exposure to sun and solarium: 3.6%
Absence of fruits and vegetables: 3.4%
Alcohol: 3.3%

Researchers commented about the results: “We did not expect to find that eating fruit and vegetables could be very important in protecting men against cancer. Among women we did not expect that obesity would have a greater effect than alcohol. “

Researchers collected information on 14 risk factors total. From them there were another 3 dietary habits associated with increased cancer: consumption of red and processed meat (eg sausages), lack of fiber, and increased consumption of salt.

What we can do to protect ourselves from cancer

There are many things we can do to protect ourselves from cancer. From a nutrition standpoint, this means:

  • Eating more fruits like avocados, blackberries, cranberries, goji berries, apples, grapes, kiwifruits, mangos, oranges, strawberries, watermelons, bananas etc.
  • Eating more vegetables like asparagus, green and red cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, onions, peppers, tomatoes, spinach, cucumbers, celery, lettuce etc.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. Low amounts of fat tissue and high a mounts of muscle mass are an ideal combination for your health.
  • Avoid processed meats (ham, sausages, etc.)
  • Consume less salt. Most foods contain already enough amounts of salt so adding more will only harm you.
  • Consume more fibers preferably from healthy and organic sources like vegetables, wholegrain cereals and fruits.

The researchers created a poster you can see here in pdf form:

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About the Author

George Conte is a student of Nutrition and Dietetics, a fitness and healthy living enthusiast. After seven years of personal experience with weight loss, exercise and a total body transformation where he managed to burn 121+ pounds of fat he became the founder of A website dedicated to help you overcome obesity and transform your life the same way he did!

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